Somalia lies within the eastern part of Africa. It is one of the countries that make up the horn of Africa. The bordering countries and features to Somalia will be the Gulf of Aden to the north, Djibouti to the northwest, Ethiopia to the west, Kenya to the southwest and the Indian Ocean to the east. The capital city of Somalia in Mogadishu. It is a country that is between the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, the countries of Arabia and southwestern Asia.
Somali is a democratic republic which is headed by a president who gets to be elected by the majority of the people. Somalia has experienced decades of political instability. The first president of the country Mohamed Said Barre became a dictator, and the country had to remove him from power through a bloody civil war. Decades of civil war continued that destroyed the economy and the infrastructure of the country. There are still security threats in the country and especially from the Islamist terror group the Al Shabab which has caused terror attacks in the country and neighboring countries.
The Cushites in Somalia make most of the population. You will also have other groups in the country in small numbers, and these will be the Bantus and Semites. Somali and Arabic are the languages that are widely known. Arabic is due to the country being a Muslim country. In Somalia, some dialects of the primary language exist, but they still understand one another. You will have some of them who speak English and Swahili. The religion that is practiced in Somalia is Islam. You will have other religions that will make a small portion of the population.
Farming is an essential economic activity in Somali and especially when it comes to the keeping of cattle. When the dictator president Mohamed Said Barre was in place, he introduced socialism which led to the nationalization of industries, banks, oil companies, and other business institutions which weakened the economy of the country. In Somalia, fishing and crop farming are also practiced. The climate is however not conducive for growing of crops. Investors have been pushed away, and local businesses operate in fear because of the Al Shabab who are a terror group in the country at present.
There is much that Somalia is capable of concerning development. The conditions have however been hard for the country and the people. It has had leaders who are self-centered. Because of the instability in the country, some revolt groups have taken advantage of the situation to rule over themselves. Insecurity has been a threat to the country and the other regions around such as the Somali pirates in 2010.